Tuesday, 05-May-2015 07:28:12 EDT

OS X 10.10 Yosemite

Freeware

Miscellany

  1. BetterTouchTool assigns more stuff to trackpads, etc. I use it to allow tapping in the corners to replace the Home & End keys (which don't exist on my new wireless keyboard), closing windows (⌘W), ⌘-click in Safari & Mail, & Enter Full Screen (⌃⌘F) elsewhere.
  2. Meteo(rologist) is my favorite weather menu item. (I don't even display Dashboard in Mission Control.)
  3. AutoKeyboard assigns different keyboard layouts (as for different languages) to each app.
    (Haven't tried it: I use Keyboard Pilot, which is no longer free.)
  4. Music:
    1. GarageBand will convert ≤ 40 sec. segments of videos into ringtones.
    2. Singer Song Reader adds lyrics to metadata of iTunes music.
  5. TexShop: Front end for MacTeX. (Doc: select by hand file:///usr/local/texlive/2012/doc.html.)
    1. SyncTeX: ⌘-click on input/output to find same spot in other window; works with Full Screen.
    2. Auto Save & Versions.
    3. Safari extension arXivTeXifier (included in spires.app) TeX's in the arXiv listing abstracts of people too lazy to get rid of all those $'s.
    4. Flashmode automatically TeX's while you're typing. (Haven't tried it yet.)
    5. Installation of new version of OS X gets extended from about ½ hr. by an extra 1¼ hr. (stuck on "2 min. remaining") by reinstalling TeX in /usr/local.
  6. MacFusion is an interface to FUSE for OS X (OSXFUSE; include MacFUSE Compatibility Layer), which mounts (s)ftp volumes as the Finder should, so you can add files, & edit with TextEdit.
  7. Xcode (from the Mac App Store, also in  menu) includes:
    1. FileMerge compares 2 text files (& merges) with a nice interface. (If you want to access it directly, you can make an alias to the file in Contents/Applications; as usual, access Contents of an app by right-clicking & selecting Show Package Contents.)
    2. iOS Simulator shows what your web pages look like in iOS. (Separately found in Contents/Developer/Applications.)
    3. Note: Simulators & Command Line Tools now need to be downloaded separately via Preferences... > Downloads > Components. (Requires free developer account.)
    4. Also available: various versions of Fortran; CERNLIB & other HEP.
  8. In case you lost them, here are some ancient Mac system sounds.
  9. Feedly for RSS (because it syncs with my iPad).

Safari 8

  1. History shared with other devices, can be cleared for various recent periods. Tabs, too.
  2. Scrolling tab bar.
  3. Customize Toolbar has a Favorites Bar item for toggling it.
  4. iCloud Keychain: can AutoFill even when websites resist, if password required after period of sleep
  5. Power Saver blocks Flash ads
  6. Safari Extensions (link in Safari menu) install automatically from Apple's site:
    1. Franker translates selected text/whole page, inserting translation following original.
    2. Tabletoy allows floating table headers & sorting by columns.
    3. ClickToPlugin:
      1. Blocks flash.
      2. Replaces it with HTML5 when available (e.g., on YouTube), & allows downloading it.
        (Also Media Center downloads HTML5 stuff more generally.)
    4. YouTube Lyrics shows lyrics for YouTube music videos.
  7. If audio is played as Flash instead of HTML5, it can be saved using Soundflower & QuickTime Player: Set the sound output in System Preferences, & the microphone in New Audio Recording in QuickTime Player (but leave its volume @ minimum), to "Soundflower (2ch)".
  8. Ad blocking: GlimmerBlocker (Java), http proxy (in System Preferences; for all all browsers, & even RSS readers).
    1. If there is a Java vulnerability specifically affecting web browsers (i.e., @ certain web sites), you can disable Java in Safari Preferences... > Security. This won't affect GlimmerBlocker or the other Java apps listed below.
    2. When subscribing to filters, note the preference "Automatically update subscription".
    3. Reinstall after major system upgrades.
  9. MathML: pretty good now, except for some big delimiters.
  10. QuickTime (7) Plug-in will view QuickTime Virtual Reality & MIDI files, which QuickTime (X) Player won't. (GarageBand will import & edit MIDI.)

Graphics

  1. Vector graphics ("draw"): LibreOffice (Draw)
    1. Allows editing of PDF (including conversion to PS).
    2. Lots more tools than basics: e.g., gradient shading, transparency, primitive 3D.
    3. Returns to Select tool after use of any other tool (unlike Inkscape).
    4. Includes text editor (Writer) that's better at reading MS Word files than TextEdit (but so is Quick Look).
  2. Bitmap graphics ("paint"):
    1. Seashore
    2. Gimp is more powerful but more awkward. Now native (no X11/XQuartz). Compiled by: Simone Karin Lehmann or Partha Bagchi.
      1. Due to interface bugs, you may want to use Windows > Single-Window Mode for now.
      2. If you want more themes (e.g., Aqua), you can install them the hard way in Contents > Resources > share > gimp > 2.0 > themes.
  3. Java apps:
    1. 3D graphics (raytracing, etc.): Art of Illusion; saves as JPG (e.g.), but Preview will convert to PDF.
    2. JaxoDraw draws Feynman diagrams with just the trackpad/mouse. (Others require programming & specifying coordinates.)
    3. FidoCadJ does the same with circuit diagrams.
    4. After installing new versions of OS X, reinstall Java. (See System Preferences.)
    5. If newly downloaded Java app won't run, go to System Preferences > Security & Privacy > General.

Tips

Text

  1. Unicode characters (e.g., math in Mail/Messages):
    1. Substitution (useful also in iOS):
      1. Built-in (e.g., 1/2 → ½), or
      2. Added (e.g., ^2 → ²): System Preferences… > Keyboard > Text. Use menu item Edit > Substitutions > Text Replacement.
    2. Character Viewer:
      1. Edit > Special Characters..., or add directly to Title Bar by selecting in System Preferences… > Keyboard > Input Sources.
      2. For more characters, Customize List from Action pop-up menu (gear).
    3. STIX fonts (now included in OS X) have TeX characters, useful in figures, MathML, etc.
    4. See also my Unicode page.
  2. Editing tricks:
    1. ⌥⌫ deletes words.
    2. 2-finger single tap (right-click on mouse) on a typo to choose a correct spelling is easier than retyping.
    3. ⌃T between 2 letters to transpose them.
    4. Also note the menu item Edit > Spelling and Grammar > Correct Spelling Automatically.
    5. Hit esc to complete word or guess next one.
  3. Text selection:
    1. 3-finger swipe (click & drag with mouse) to select text as contiguous letters.
    2. 1-finger double-tap (-click) to select word, 3-finger swipe (drag with mouse) for contiguous words.
    3. Triple-tap (-click) for paragraphs.
  4. Preview form input. (But for reading the output in Acrobat, save by printing to PDF, or see this article.)

Finder

  1. Batch renaming: "Right-click" multiple selected files for menu item.
  2. In a home folder window, View > Show View Options > Show Library Folder.
  3. Screen Sharing (also in Messages) allows remote control of your Mac (even over the internet).
  4. ⌘⇧4 to select portion of screen for snapshot, or hit space for camera to select window (or dock, menu bar, or desktop for all).
  5. To create an alias while dragging, hold down ⌥⌘. (⌥ alone creates a copy.)

Other

  1. News/rumors: 9T🕘 5Mac (RSS).
  2. Apple keynote coverage (or maybe it's this one now)
  3. iCloud Drive (5 GB free) makes all of iCloud easily accessible from all apps, Finder, iOS, Windows, & iCloud.com.
  4. Automatically install OS X updates: System Preferences > App Store.
  5. Preview lets you create signatures using the trackpad instead of the camera.
  6. To get to the Dock in Full Screen mode, go "past" the edge.
  7. Enlarge cursor: System Preferences > Accessibility > Display.
  8. To add a keyboard shortcut for a menu item, System Preferences > Keyboard > Keyboard Shortcuts. If you want to add a shortcut for something with an ambiguous "last name", you need to give the full Menu Title, separated by "->" (not ">") w/o spaces.
  9. In LaunchPad, drag an item on top of another to create a folder; hold ⌥ to get wiggly icons with X's for deletion.
  10. Grapher (in Applications > Other) also does equations nicely; for arithmetic, just delete the "x=" (or whatever) & type. You can even export the equation as (La)TeX: Use the secondary click & select the menu item.
  11. Quicktime Player does screen video capture.
  12. If you get bored watching a new installation of OS X, hit "⌘L" to see the log.
  13. System Preferences > Extensions:
    1. Actions: Markup gives new image editing options in any viewer (Preview, Mail, ...).
    2. Today: widgets to customize Notification Center. (In the Today window, besides the Edit button there's also ⓘ buttons on rollover.)
  14. I need Safari Privacy > Cookies and website data set to "Allow from websites I visit" instead of "Allow from current website only" for me to be logged in to blog sites that use my google ID. That means more ads, but @ least only from places I already shopped.

Bugs

  1. Preview ("features"?):
    1. No more bookmarked files (just bookmarks in files).
    2. I have to reset to Table of Contents after going to FullScreen.
  2. You might have the misfortune of opening a web page in Safari (most other browsers have fixes for this problem) that gives an apparently ∞ (but really only 150) loop of popups. The easiest escape is to (normally) quit Safari & reopen it with the ⇧ (Shift) key held down. (Any tabs/windows you still wanted can be found in your recent History.)
  3. If you get disconnected from Ethernet, try turning WiFi on & off.
  4. General, simple fixes for new bugs, not associated with system/app upgrade, not described on the Web:
    1. Restart the app. If the problems persist,
    2. Restart your Mac. If that doesn't work,
    3. Delete the preference files for that app in ~/Library/Preferences/ after quitting. Empty the trash. You may also need to restart, if it's system-wide. Of course, you'll lose all your preferences.
    Many other techniques (restart in Safe Mode, reinstall the system, use Disk Utility, zap the PRAM, etc.) work rarely & take more time.
  5. When a file won't delete because it claims it's in use, Secure Empty Trash.